Exams Conduct

  1. Candidates must bring their attendance notice and their laminated ID Cards to the examination centre.
  2. The examination will be supervised by responsible persons appointed by the Institute.
  3. The packets of question papers will be opened in the presence of the candidates at the time of examination.
  4. Candidates are not allowed to use programmable calculators  in any examination;only silent non-programmable calculators may be used. No other aids such as books, dictionaries, papers, mathematical tables or slide-rules, are permitted. Any such items which have been brought into the room must be left in the invigilator's care.
  5. Candidates must not communicate or attempt to communicate with other candidates once the examination has started, nor copy from other candidates'.
  6. Any candidate who infringes the regulations will be reported to the council of the institute and will be liable to disciplinary action, including disqualification from future sittings.
  7. Candidates should read carefully the instructions on the front page of their question paper before starting to answer the question, and should complete the details required on the front of their answer book. They should ensure that any loose sheets are fastened together securely at the back of the answer book.
  8. Fifteen minutes' reading time is allowed for some of the papers at the start; Candidates may mark the question paper but must not write in the answer book during the period.
  9. Candidates will not be admitted to the examination room after the first 45 minutes and may not leave the room within one hour of the start. If candidates do leave before the end of the examination, they must do so as quietly as possible to avoid disturbing those still writing.
  10. To allow time for revision of the paper, candidates will be told when fifteen minutes remain.
  11. Smoking is not allowed.
  12. No mobile phones.
  13. Candidates have a maximum of seven years to complete the programme

Banking Terms

DUTIES OF A CUSTOMER

  1.  To pay reasonable interest and commission and other charges for banking services
  2. To inform the Bank of any known forgeries on the account – Greenwood Vrs. Martins Bank Ltd. (1933).
  3. To repay any overdraft on demand.

 

E-Banking includes the systems that enable financial institution customers, individuals or businesses, to access accounts, transact business, or obtain information on financial products and services through a public or private network, including the internet

 

 

 

EXCEPTIONS TO BANK’S DUTY OF SECRECY

  1. Where a law or court of competent jurisdiction requires disclosure for example; if a customer’s bank account is the subject of a dispute at the Court.
  2.  In Ghana, under the laws establishing the SFO (now EOCO), and the Narcotics Control Act, the Bank is obliged to disclose information about a customer’s account where warranted by these institutions.  The request must be in writing and addressed to the Bank.

 

CAPITAL MARKET

This is a market for relatively long term funding.  Active players in this domain are the Stock Exchange, the Pension Funds and the Mortgage Institutions.  The major characteristics of this market are;

  1. Long-Term Funding, usually over one year
  2. Debt and Equity are traded
  3. Focuses on Secondary Market
  4. Higher Returns
  5. Higher Risks

PRIMARY MARKET

  • Deals in new securities and also involves conventional lending and borrowing activities (on a secured or unsecured basis)
  • Issues short-term securities bought or sold for immediate delivery
  • Exchange of funds for financial claim
  • Funds raised through Initial Purchase Orders (IPOs) and goes directly to the Company whose shares have been floated. 

 

•E-Banking involves services offered by Banks to their private and business customers using computerized support to record, process and transport data automatically or without vouchers. 
•The risks and challenges associated with I.T. are also applicable to E-Banking.  The peculiar risks of e-banking are accentuated by the internet where customers and fraudsters can operate the systems from any part of the globe-outside the reach of the financial institution and remain largely anonymous.
•To be continued
 

EXCEPTIONS TO BANK’S DUTY OF SECRECY

  1. Where the customer has given his express or implied consent for the disclosure for example by inviting a third party to apply to the Bank for a banker’s reference.
  2. Where the Bank of Ghana requires, disclosure for example when a particular bank customer is under investigation by the Bank of Ghana.  

 

•1 Enormous risk challenges e.g. breach of systems, PINS and ID instruments (cloning)
•2. Requirement for effective back-up systems and controls
•3. Fraudsters evolving new schemes to outwit controls in e-banking facilities
•4. Anonymity of some applications fostering the commission of crimes around the globe e.g. internet-based payments
•1. Cost reduction in banking services due to mass usage – cheaper and convenient
•2. Less reliance on physical branch networks for service delivery – released capital that would otherwise be tied up in brick and mortar
•3. Around the clock usage of systems – 24/7
•4. Worldwide application of some e-banking products and services
•5. Less use of cheques and paper-based instruments (environmental concerns eased).

EXCEPTIONS TO BANK’S DUTY OF SECRECY

  1. Where there is a public duty to disclose, for example if the Bank is aware that the customer’s transactions are damaging to the national interest (such as trading with the enemy in time of war) or e.g. when the Bank knows of a fraud involving the customer being investigated.
  2. When the interest of the Bank requires disclosure, e.g. when filing a WRIT in court against the customer, especially for the recovery of unpaid loans or charges

SECONDARY MARKET

The trading of existing securities issued by companies and government organisations in order to raise long-term funds is termed secondary market activity.

These activities are carried out on a Stock Exchange.  Trading of existing securities on the Stock Exchange therefore, constitutes secondary market activities.  

BANK’S DUTY OF SECRECY

  • The Bank’s duty of secrecy and confidentiality is central to the maintenance of confidence in the financial system.  According to the Banking Act 2004 there are a number of situations under which the Bank’s duty of secrecy is suspended.
  • The following are exceptions to the secrecy rule in Ghana.

 

•The risks and challenges associated with I.T. are also applicable to E-Banking.  The peculiar risks of e-banking are accentuated by the internet where customers and fraudsters can operate the systems from any part of the globe-outside the reach of the financial institution and remain largely anonymous.
 
•E-Banking involves services offered by Banks to their private and business customers using computerized support to record, process and transport data automatically or without vouchers.
 
 
 
 
 

 

E-Banking includes the systems that enable financial institution customers, individuals or businesses, to access accounts, transact business, or obtain information on financial products and services through a public or private network, including the internet

 

 

•What is E-Banking:
•An automated delivery of new and traditional banking products and services directly to customers through electronic, interactive communication channels.
•What is E-Banking:
•An automated delivery of new and traditional banking products and services directly to customers through electronic, interactive communication channels.
•What is E-Banking:
•An automated delivery of new and traditional banking products and services directly to customers through electronic, interactive communication channels.
•What is E-Banking:
•An automated delivery of new and traditional banking products and services directly to customers through electronic, interactive communication channels.

FINANCIAL MARKETS

Financial Markets in Ghana are classified into two broad areas namely:

  1. The Capital Market
  2. The Money Market

The Money Market is essentially a market for short term funds, i.e. sale and purchase of securities with a maturity of less than one year; with the Commercial Banks, Central Bank and Discount Houses being the major players.

DUTIES OF A CUSTOMER

  1. To exercise reasonable care when drawing his cheques, to help prevent alteration, fraud and forgery so that the bank will not be misled-London Joint Stock Bank Vrs. Mac-Millan and Arthur (1918).
  2. To go to his bankers when he requires payment. It is not incumbent on the Bank to seek out the customer.

 

EXCEPTIONS TO BANK’S DUTY OF SECRECY

  1. Under the Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Law, the Bank is obliged to report even strong suspicious of unlawful activities on an account to the Financial Intelligence Centre.
  2. The Borrowers and Lenders Act also permit the Bank to disclose details of non-performing customers accounts to designated outfits prescribed by the Central Banks.

Get in touch

  • East Legon on the Trinity College Road
  • 0302 541 309 / 0302 541 308
  • 0302 541 614
  • info@cibgh.org